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5 Basic Principles of Interior Design

A lot of people often underestimate the process of interior design. It is more than an art or choosing a few ornamental items, carpets, and mats and arranging them with artistic intent. Interior design is a scientific process that needs proper training and background.


It is also known as the Law of Relationship. It talks about the relationships between various items in a group. The influencing factors can be size, shape, color, pattern, texture, lighting, etc. Every item in a room must keep its proportion with the size of the room and other objects in that room.

For example, keeping a small flower vase on a large table, placing a large lamp on a small table, etc can look very out of the world. The same goes for a small frame picture with a very spacious wall. There should be a balance between items that are meant to act together.


Symmetrical Balance

It is also known as formal balance. In this method objects of equal weight are equidistant from the center and different ends. Grouping is easy in symmetrical balance.

Another variation of symmetrical balance is optical balance. In this method objects that do not have the same shape or color are placed equidistant from the center point. Because they have the same value of interest and attraction. This method is also known as Obvious Balance.

Asymmetrical Balance

Also known as informal balance, in this method, one large object is placed near the center. And a smaller object is placed far from the center. Such a method needs creative brilliance and is suitable for small homes.


In this method, in an arrangement, a centre of interest is emphasised by the most important feature. Make sure that in every arrangement we know what to emphasise, where to emphasise, and how to emphasise. Emphasis can be given to a single object or a group of objects. Use of items like attractive curtains, particularly groups of furniture, use of bright contrasting colours, use of sufficient space as background around an object, use of decoration etc can act as a centre of interest.

The use of unusual lines, shapes, sizes, colours etc can also be used to achieve emphasis. Anything very beautiful right in front of the entrance can have a dominating effect in the room. And takes the eye of those who enter the room.


In this method, the movement of the eye while viewing a design is important. Interest is created by an organised movement to reduce monotony. There are three ways to develop Rhythm

  • Rhythm through repetition
  • Rhythm through progress
  • Rhythm through continuous line movement


In this method, an impression of unity is introduced through the selection and arrangement of consistent ideas and objects. All objects with some resemblance to each other by one or more aspects, it is called harmonious. It is a group of ideas that can relate to each other. Any design no matter what should be harmonious in nature. Size, shape, line, color, texture, and idea are called the six aspects of harmony. Once you learned those interior design principles you may be curious to get to know more about it, feel free to contact us to get to know more about interior designing, we are happy to assist you.

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